Peasants and Workers Party of India (Marathi: भारतीय शेतकरी कामगार पक्ष), is a marxist political party in Maharashtra, India. The party was founded in 1949, having its roots from the pre-Independence period and has around 10,000 members.The influence of the party is largely limited to three districts. S.V. Jadhav is the general secretary of the party. Dhajiba Balvantrao was general secretary between the years of 1954 and 1960. The students organization of the party is called Vidhyarthi Purogami Sabha (Progressive Students Union.) Kamgar Paksha), abbreviated SheKaPa. Analysing the root cause of agrarian problems and those facing the poor peasants and agricultural labourers, Comrade Ghosh elaborately discussed in this address to the delegates of the Twelfth West Bengal State Conference of the All India Krishak O Khetmazur Sangathan, how in a backward country like India, capitalism, and capitalist land relation stand in the way of modernizing and mechanizing agriculture and creating alternative employment opportunities without which agrarian problems cannot be solved and rural uplift achieved. At the same time he brought home that land reforms by themselves – projected as the panacea to all the ills of peasants’ life by the self-styled Marxist parties in this country — cannot bring to an end the problems and abject misery of peasants, and how the question of alleviating their plight, of solving the burning problems of their lives is inextricably linked up with the task of anti-capitalist socialist revolution. He charted the way for building the truly revolutionary peasant movement to achieve the goal of emancipation.